Canada opens its doors to more and more immigrants every year. Canadians are proud of their heritage and the freedom they enjoy as Canadian citizens. Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) is the federal department responsible for Canadian citizenship, for new applicants and current citizens. Some changes to the Citizenship Act are currently underway and on June 19, 2017, Bill C-6 passed Parliament.
Since 2010, Canada welcomes about 250,000 permanent residents yearly. Many of these residents usually want to become Canadians. Canadian laws with respect to citizenship are always evolving. Permanent residents now become citizens more quickly through easy-to-access steps. To apply for Canadian citizenship, you must:
- Be at least 18 years old
- Parents of minors—children under 18—must apply for their children.
- Show proof of your ability to speak and write one of Canada’s official languages
- Be a Permanent Resident (PR)
- Have lived in Canada as a PR for at least 4 years out of the 6 years before applying
- Have physical presence in Canada for at least 183 days of each year during the 4-year period
- File your taxes for at least four years during the last 6 years
- Apply for citizenship from within Canada
You can contact us to check if you qualify for citizenship.
There are several steps to follow before you become a Canadian citizen. Here is what you need to do:
- Download and fill the forms in the Citizen Application Package
- Include all necessary support documents.
- Pay the application fee
- Mail your application to the Centralized Intake Office (CIO) in Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada.
- Visit the IRCC website for more information about processing times.
- Visit our Discussion Forum to post your questions and read about others’ experiences in the citizenship application process.
Once your application is accepted, you are required to write a citizenship test, if you are between 14 and 64. Here are four tips to prepare for your citizenship test:
- The test is usually written but may also involve an oral test with a citizenship officer.
- Know the basic information about being a Canadian—citizenship, rights, duties, democracy, society, history, symbols and more.
- Prepare with the official study guide, Discover Canada: The Rights and Responsibilities of Citizenship. All test questions are based upon Discover Canada.
- Enjoy the test experience.
Canadian Citizenship Ceremony
The Canadian Citizenship Ceremony is a unique event during which you will become a complete Canadian citizen. It is the end of your citizenship application process. Only applicants who were successful at the citizenship tests and interview are invited for the ceremony. During the ceremony, you will sing Canadian national anthem and say the Oath of Citizenship to Canada in either English or French before a judge. Then, you will be granted your Canadian citizenship.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms
The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms not only informs you of your rights, it protects your rights as a Canadian citizen. The Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms is part of Canada’s Constitution. The Charter shows the values that guide Canadians’ livelihood and sets their personal human rights and freedoms.